External Costs of Transport in Europe (1995 - 1999)

Reference: Dr. Niklas Sieber
Customer: International Union of Railways(UIC)
Competences: Planning
Division: Transport and Sustainability
Contact: Dr. Niklas Sieber


This research project pioneered in calculating the external costs of transport in 17 European countries. For this purpose the environmental, accident and congestion costs were calculated. The environmental costs comprised air pollution, noise disturbance, climate change, nature and landscape and up-and downstream processes. The initial study from 1995 was updated in 1999.  


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