TRILAT - Sustainable transport planning for Palestine (1997 - 2000)

Reference: Dr. Carsten Schürmann (RRG Spatial Planning and Geoinformation)
Customer: German Research Council (DFG) / Institute for Spatial Planning, University of Dortmund (IRPUD)
Projectpartner: University of Bonn / Hebrew University of Jerusalem / Applied Research Institute Jerusalem in Bethlehem
Competences: Planning
Division: Transport and Sustainability
Contact: Dr. Carsten Schürmann


Sustainable transport planning in Israel and the emerging Palestinian state faces major uncertainty and challenges. With rising income levels and car ownership, problems of road congestion, air pollution and traffic noise are expected to multiply in this densely populated region. While on the Israeli side massive road construction has replicated trends in other developed countries, the transport infrastructure in the Palestinian territories has been neglected for decades. The by-pass roads built by the Israeli authorities to link Jewish settlements with Israel and restrictions on travel by Palestinians aggravate the problems of inequity in mobility. Air pollution generated by traffic in the conurbations of central Israel is transmitted to the West Bank due to prevailing air flows. These conditions have made transport planning proposals for Israel and the West Bank highly sensitive conflict-laden issues. The three-year project GIS-Based Models and GIS Tools for Sustainable Transport Planning in Israel and Palestine is to contribute to the rational solution of these conflicts by providing state-of-the-art tools to assist in the rational assessment of the long-term equity and environmental implications of alternative transport planning policies. The study area of the project comprises the West Bank and adjacent areas of Israel and Jordan. In Phase 1 of the project (March 1997 to February 1999) three tasks were accomplished: An integrated spatial data base for traffic planning was assembled from a variety of structurally heterogeneous data sources. A set of models and tools for linking a transport model (EMME/2) with a geographic information system (ARC/INFO) and for modelling air pollution and network extensions was developed. The model system was tested in a pilot application. The objective of Phase 2 of the project (March 1999 to February 2000) is to test and apply the integrated spatial database and the models and tools developed in Phase 1 and to enhance them by models for assessing local environmental impacts. As part of the IRPUD project team Mr. Schürmann was responsible for the data modelling, the generation of the GIS database and for the development of the interface between ArcInfo and EMME/2 transport model.


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